Saturday, 23 July 2011

2011 - STAMPS OF BRAZIL - 12

The Brazilian Postal Administration issued on July 6th, 2011 a souvenir sheet paying homage to the Tijuca National Park, a mountainous fragment of the Atlantic Rainforest biome in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is the world's largest urban forest, covering some 32 km² (12.4 mi²) and is currently the most visited national park in Brazil, with over two million visitors a year.
Created on July 6, 1961, the park situated in the heart of a metropolis with a population of about six million people, provides many environmental services such as maintenance of water sources, erosion control, flood alleviation, mitigation of thermal variations, local climate regulation and reduction of pollution.
The souvenir sheet highlights typical fauna and flora species of the park: the violet-capped woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis), the green-headed Tanager (Tangara seledon), the hairy dwarf porcupine (Coendou insidiosus) and the orchid Hadrolaelia lobata, which is the symbol of the Tijuca National Park, an endemic species threatened by extinction. On the upper left corner, one can see the logo of the International Year of Forests and the logo of the World Philatelic Exhibition “Brasiliana 2013” can be seen on the right.

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