Brazilian Post issued on April 8th, 2011 the first stamp of the series “Brazilian Historical Cities” celebrating the 300th anniversary of the city of Mariana. In 1696, the news that gold had been found in the region of minas, today State of Minas Gerais, quickly spread in Brazil and reached Portugal. Thousands of people rushed to the region in search of wealth and then emerged the village of Nossa Senhora do Carmo.
The initial landmark of Mariana is the year 1711, when, on April 8, Dom João V, King of Portugal raised the village to the category of a town. Following orders from Portugal, an administrative and judiciary framework was set up in the town on July 4, 1711 and in a short time the town became the main trade and education center of the state of Minas Gerais. The town became the converging point of the gold mining movement and a prosperous urban center. In 1745, the town of Nossa Senhora do Carmo was raised to the category of a city called Mariana as a tribute to Queen Maria Ana D’Austria, Dom João’s wife. Mariana became the first capital of Minas Gerais.