Friday, 24 September 2010

LIGHTHOUSE POSTCARDS FROM USA

The U.S. state of South Carolina has a relatively short and straight coastline facing southeast on the Atlantic Ocean, with Charleston as the principal harbor. Lighthouses survive at eight historic light stations in the state. For the past decade preservation efforts have been focused on the critically endangered Morris Island Light. Several other lighthouses need attention, including Georgetown, Hunting Island, and especially Cape Romain. The U.S. Coast Guard continues to operate lights at only two of them, Georgetown and Sullivan's Island.
Morris Island Lighthouse is located on Morris Island, on the southern side of the entrance to Charleston Harbor, north of the town of Folly Beach. South Carolina. This is the second oldest light station in the South of the U.S.: the first tower (42 ft) was built in 1767. A second taller tower (102 ft) was built in 1838, but was destroyed during the Civil War 24 years later. The actual 161 ft (49 m) round brick tower was illuminated on October 1, 1876 and “survived” with some damages to a cyclone (1885), an earthquake (1886) and a hurricane (1989).
Erosion of land endangered its stability and in 1962, the lighthouse was decommissioned and replaced by the new Sullivan's Island Lighthouse at the north end of the harbor. A non-profit foundation Save The Light, Inc raises funds and coordinates the stabilization, erosion control and restoration of the lighthouse.

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