Kõpu lighthouse is undoubtedly the most famous tourist attraction on Hiiumaa island( the second largest island in Estonia). The 36 m (118 ft) massive square stone tower with pyramid-shaped base was constructed in 1531 and is believed to be the third oldest continually operating lighthouse in the world. The construction of this lighthouse was a remarkable feat considering the remoteness of the location and the lack of modern technology. Originally, a large fire burned atop the lighthouse and its appetite for wood resulted in the deforestation of a large part of Kõpu peninsula. . The brick top section of the tower was built in 1659. The Russian government took over operation of the tower from local authorities in 1805 and added a lantern in 1845. The lighthouse is open to the public and for a small fee you can walk to the top and enjoy a breathtaking view of the Baltic Sea as well as much of the island.
The first world fair, The Great Exhibition of 1851, was held in Hyde Park London under the auspices of Prince Albert. The Crystal Palace, in which the whole world displayed its achievements, was built for the fair. This year’s EXPO will take place from May 1 to October 31 in Shanghai in the People’s Republic of China. The stamp issued on March 11, 2010 features the Estonian pavilion in Shanghai.