Monday, 20 July 2009

POSTCARD FROM USA

My friend Stan from the state of Florida sent me this nice viewcard to my collection of lighthouse postcards. Located just north of Florida, Georgia has a relatively short Atlantic coastline with six surviving historic lighthouses (3 active). The coastline is low, featuring a series of sandy islands known in Georgia as the Sea Islands. Savannah is the largest port in the state.
Sapelo Island Lighthouse is located near the southern tip of Sapelo Island, near Meridian, Georgia. It is the nation's second-oldest brick lighthouse and was built in 1820. The round brick tower (65 ft = 20 m), painted with horizontal red and white bands guided ships into the port of Darien on the Altamaha River. The lighthouse was inactive from 1905 to 1998, when it was renovated to its 1890 appearance and relit.
The Cockspur Island Light is a small lighthouse (46 ft = 14 m), round brick tower painted white, situated on an islet off Cockspur Island at the south channel of the Savannah River near Lazaretto Creek, northwest of Tybee Island, Georgia. It was built in 1848, damaged by a hurricane in 1854 and the tower was rebuilt and enlarged on the same foundation the next year. It ceased operation as an active beacon in 1909, because large vessels routed to the deep and more navigable north channel of the Savannah River.
Tybee Island Lighthouse is located on the south side of the Savannah River entrance, in Tybee Island, state of Georgia. The first lighthouse on Tybee was built in 1736, octagonal in shape (90 ft=27 m) and was constructed of wood. The tower was finally completed until 1867, reached a finished height of one hundred and fifty-four feet and was fitted with a 1st order Fresnel lens, the largest and brightest available making the light visible from almost twenty miles at sea. Rebuilt four times, the current 145 ft (44 m) black and white octagonal brick tower was finally completed in1867. Tybee Island lighthouse is the oldest and tallest lighthouse in Georgia and is still in operation.

Little Cumberland Island is the southernmost of the islands of Georgia's Atlantic Coast and Little Cumberland Light is a lighthouse on the north end of the island. The 60 ft (18 m) white round brick tower was in service until 1915 when it was deactivated. The tower was renovated in 1994-98, but it needs a more thorough restoration. A large dune protects the lighthouse from the ocean, but as a result the tower is now barely visible from the water. Little Cumberland Island is privately owned and is not open to the public.
The St. Simons Island Light is a lighthouse in Georgia, United States, on the southern tip of Saint Simons Island, marking the entrance into St. Simons Sound. The original St. Simons Island lighthouse (75 ft = 23 m) was built in 1810 and destroyed during the Civil War. The construction of a second lighthouse was completed in 1872, and the 104 ft (32 m) white round brick tower continues active shining seaward every night.

Sunday, 12 July 2009

POSTCARD FROM NORWAY

This is my first postcard received from Norway, sent by Malin. The lighthouse of Lindesnes stands on the southernmost point of the mainland of Norway. The first lighthouse in Norway was established in Lindesness on February 27, 1656, consisting of 30 tallow candles in the upper floor of a three-floor tower. The light was closed after only a few months. Two coal fires, in open grates placed directly on the ground, were lit on Feb 1, 1725. In 1822, a new lighthouse was built with a light that was fueled by gas and thirty-two years later a new lighthouse equipped with a Fresnel lens was built. In 1915, the lens was moved to a white conical new white tower (height 53 meters), with a new engine room and a fog signal. Within a year, the Lindesnes lighthouse stood much as it does today.
The lighthouse has been designated a national lighthouse museum, and hosts various exhibitions relating to the development and history of lighthouses, maritime culture, etc. The underground hall below the lighthouse houses a cinema, exhibitions and a café. The complex also comprises an information centre/shop, a restaurant and a gallery.
On April 17th, 2009 Norway’s Post Office issued a stamp to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Norway's national anthem. Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson wrote the words in 1859 and Rikard Nordraak composed the music for what was to become Norway’s national anthem. The stamp features words of "Ja, vi elsker dette landet" and children's procession with flags of the country on the background.